“If you want to find the secrets of the universe, think in terms of energy, frequency and vibration.” – Nikola Tesla
1.2: Electrogravitics And Unified Theory Of Anti-Gravity Engine
In order to establish a unified theory to understand the anti-gravity engine first we have to look into the first-hand accounts of US military officers who later disclosed the information related to unidentified flying objects [UFOs]. Philip J. Corso was a US military officer who published “The Day After Roswel”l in 1997, about his alleged involvement in the research of extraterrestrial technology recovered from the 1947 Roswell UFO Incident.
Col. Corso explains in his book that: the craft was able to displace gravity through the propagation of magnetic waves controlled by shifting the magnetic poles around the craft so as to control, or vector, not a propulsion system but the repulsion force of like charges (p.100). The question was to figure out that how the craft retained its electric capacity (p.100). The air force discovered that the entire vehicle functioned just like a giant capacitor (p.101). In other words, the craft itself stored the energy necessary to propagate the magnetic wave that elevated it, allowed it to achieve escape velocity from the earth’s gravity, and enabled it to achieve speeds of over seven thousand miles per hour. It was as if gravity was being folded around the outside of the wave that enveloped the craft (p.101). The engineers marveled at the thin amalgam of the most refined copper and purest silver they had ever seen that covered the ship’s underside. The metal was remarkable for its conductivity, as if the entire craft was an electrical circuit offering no resistance to the flow of current (p.107).
Accelerating from a near stationary hover above a given spot, like a helicopter, to speeds in excess of seven thousand miles per hour in a matter of seconds? The craft itself was an electrical circuit. That the flight suits; “flight skins” is a better description, the creatures wore were made of a substance whose atomic structure was elongated, strengthened lengthwise, so as to provide a directional flow to any current applied to it (p.108). The engineers who first discovered this were amazed at the pure conductivity of these skins, functionally like the skin of the craft itself and their obvious ability to protect the wearer while at the same time vectoring some kind of electronic field (p.108). The debris and the spacecraft indicated that an engine didn’t somehow fall out of the craft when it crashed. A conventional engine was never there in the first place. What we found was that the craft seemed to have had the ability to store as well as conduct a vast amount of current. What if the craft itself were the engine, imparted with a steady current from another source that it stored as if it were a giant capacitor? This would be like charging the battery in an electric car (p.109) and running it until the battery was drained (p.110).
The Roswell craft was simply a capacitor that stored current that was controlled or vectored by the pilot and was able to be recharged in some way or could recharge itself with some form of built-in generator. Scientists who had gone to the Air Materiel Command at Wright Field to see the debris were speculating that the electronic potential of the Roswell craft reminded them of the German and British antigravity experiments of the 1920s and 1930s. Tesla and a number of other European scientists had been pioneers in the conversion of circumscribed small-area antigravity fields out of electromagnetic fields. (p.110). But, what if the flying craft already carried enough electric potential and storage capacity to retain its power, just like a very advanced flying battery? Then it might have all the power it needed to propagate and vector a wave directionally by shifting its magnetic poles. If the magnetic field theory experiments carried out by engineers and electrical energy pioneers Paul Biefeld and Townsend Brown in the 1920s at the California Institute for Advanced Studies were accurately reported; and the U.S. military as well as scientific record keepers at Hoover’s young Bureau of Investigation kept very close tabs on what these engineers were doing – then the technological theory for antigravity flight existed before World War II (p.111).
The Germans did develop and had flown flying disks, if the EBEs utilized a wave-propagation technology as an antigravity drive and navigation system, then they traveled inside some form of adjustable electromagnetic wave (p.114). Molecular alignment metallic alloys then becomes the only possible process that could interfere with the electromagnetic field drive we suspected the so-called aliens were using; a directed-particle energy-beam weapon that could disrupt the electromagnetic wave formation around the spacecraft and penetrate the antigravity field (p.245). Tesla wrote about the theories behind the distortion or manipulation of a gravitational field through the propagation of electromagnetic waves, and the extraterrestrials seemed to have employed just that kind of technology for a propulsion system (p.249).
Electrophoretic Thruster: Revisiting TT Brown’s Patents
The following literature review is extracted from “Handbook of Magnetic Phenomena” by Harry E. Burke, 1986 that is directly related to author’s thesis. In the present invention, the non-uniform fields are divergent fields. The divergent fields may be radial, wedge-shaped or conical. In such divergent fields, the ions are deflected, as well as accelerated, by electrophoretic forces. The effect commonly known as ‘ion drag’ also imparts momentum to the host medium. In divergent fields, the host medium is additionally influenced by electro-hydrodynamic forces and tends to flow in the direction of the divergence. This effect is also known as electrostrictive hydrodynamics…the host medium is the medium in which the emitter is operated. Usually, but not necessarily, the host medium is atmospheric air. A similar flow may be observed if the emitter is operated in other fluid dielectrics, such as transformer oil or gases at various pressures.
The two forces described above are influenced to some extent by a third force who is defined as dielectrophoretic. This force, also present in divergent fields, operates in the opposite direction and tends to move suspended polarized dielectric material from the peripheral electrode toward the central electrode of a radial generator [fig.1], or generally, from the larger electrode to the smaller. The tendency of the dielectrophoretic force is to move the suspended material into the electric field, i.e., in the direction of convergence. It is observed in actual tests that dielectrophoretic forces in the present invention are relatively weak and usually are masked by the stronger electrophoretic (ion-drag) and electro-hydrodynamic forces. Apparently, in the flat and cylindrical emitters, subsequently described, operation results entirely from electrophoretic and electro-hydrodynamic forces.
Ionization which takes place near the smaller electrode is caused by the extremely high electric gradients in this region of the field. This ionization results from the stripping of electrons from the air molecules and suspended fluid particles immediately adjacent to the electrode. The aero-ions or aerosol particles acquire their charge principally in the region of the smaller electrode. Upon acquiring a charge, the majority of aero-ions or a charged aerosol particle follows the electric lines-of-force and move generally in the direction of the larger electrode but do not strike that electrode. In the case of the flat-vane ion generators, the observed flow pattern is first toward, then parallel to the surface of the larger electrode and continues in a relatively straight line downstream from the electrode. In the case of cylindrical generators, the flow is radial toward the walls of the cylinder, then out through the electrode apertures. It is obvious that this flow pattern does not result from (nor entirely conform to) simple electrostatic (coulomb) attraction, and because of this peculiar behavior the electro-hydrodynamic force (electrostrictive hydrodynamics) is apparently largely responsible for the observed flow.
Additional ionization in the region of the smaller electrode can be provided by a radiation source, such as a ultra-violet lamp or radioactive material. The lamp or radioactive source may itself take the place of the smaller electrode so as to be in the proper position to feed ions most effectively into the divergent electrostatic field. Where radioactive material is used, the smaller electrode is composed of, or coated with, said material. Where heavy metal ions are desired, as in the production of thrust, the smaller electrode is again modified. In this instance, the electrode may take the form of an electrically-heated tube containing molten cesium or other ionized or ionizable material. The tube is formed of tungsten sponge or the like so as to be permeable to said molten material. Upon reaching the outer surface of the tube, unipolar ions of the material are caught in the divergent electric field and ejected toward and beyond the larger electrode by the combination of propulsive forces described above…
The two electrodes [fig. 2] are maintained at different electrical potentials by high voltage power supply 15. The polarity may be reversed in order to reverse the polarity of the generated ions, but such reversal does not change the direction of flow either of the ions or the ambient medium. This basic structure is the same as that illustrated in two of the reference patents of which this is a continuation-in-part.
Figure  is a plan view of electrodes 10 and 12 showing the flow pattern of the ambient medium. It is to be noted that the flow is first divergent from the smaller electrode 10, then generally parallel to the surface of electrode 12 and projecting downstream therefrom in STRAIGHT LINES. The charged ambient medium in the region of electrode 10 is accelerated first toward, then beyond, electrode 12, so that the device, in effect, serves both as an ionizer and a thrust producing device… In certain instances, it is found to be advantageous to substitute a wick in place of filiform electrode 10 or, alternatively, to sheath a wire electrode with wicking. The purpose is to more effectively conduct the liquid medium into the dispersing (atomizing) region. This type of atomizing results from the strong outward surface forces tending to ‘explode’ liquids adhering to an electrode in the region of intense electrostatic fields…
In certain instances, it is found to be advantageous to substitute a wick in place of filiform electrode 10 or, alternatively, to sheath a wire electrode with wicking. The purpose is to more effectively conduct the liquid medium into the dispersing (atomizing) region. This type of atomizing results from the strong outward surface forces tending to ‘explode’ liquids adhering to an electrode in the region of intense electrostatic fields… Figure  shows a structure similar to those shown in preceding figures except that an elongated ultra-violet lamp 28, such as a QUARTZ-TUBE mercury vapor lamp, is substituted for electrode 10. The lamp constitutes an electrode corresponding to electrode 10 in figure 1. In this embodiment of the invention, ultra-violet lamp 28 is energized by transformer 24. One side of the lamp can be grounded (as indicated), or the lamp can be made the highly charged electrode with electrode 12 grounded; in which case transformer 24 would have its secondary highly insulated from ground. Ultra-violet radiation from lamp 24 ionizes the air or other medium in the immediate vicinity of the lamp. Unipolar ions are selectively propelled by the field toward and beyond electrode 12, as indicated by the flow pattern of figure .
Lorentz forces create voltage gradients in all conducting liquids moving through magnetic fields as a result of nonhomogeneous distributions of charge carriers. In metallic liquids, the charge carriers are electrons that move through the liquids, pass over the liquid-solid electrode interfaces, and continue on through the external metering circuits. In nonmetallic liquids, the charge carriers are ions. From an electric charge standpoint, the ionic distribution of fig.10.8 is the same as the electron distribution of fig.10.6. Ions, however, cannot pass over liquid-solid interfaces. As a result, the passage of even the minute currents needed to service metering circuits quickly accumulates a concentration of ions at each electrode. Positive ions accumulate at one electrode and negative ions at the other. This ionic accumulation is called polarization. Polarization creates voltage gradients at the interfaces that block the flow of measuring currents. It also offsets Lorentz forces thereby effectively eliminating signal voltages. The blocking effect of polarization is reduced if alternating magnetic fields are used instead of non-varying fields. Such oscillating fields must have half cycles that change direction fast enough to limit the accumulation of ions. Alternating fluxes of high frequency, however, are likely to induce voltages of considerable magnitude into various parts of metering circuits.
Any type of conducting fluid can be used to generate the Lorentz voltages described in the previous sections. Gases, on the other hand, are relatively non-conducting media with high source impedances, making it difficult to extract useful signals. If a gas is heated until it becomes plasma, however, the situation becomes quite different. In a plasma, electrons are stripped from the molecules, leaving a seething mass of free electrons and positive ions. As shown in fig.10.9, these carriers can be separated by Lorentz forces in the conventional manner. The conductivity of plasma is much higher than that of any metal. As a result, the transfer function of velocity to voltage is very efficient, and this technique offers a promising approach to power generation. A major problem is that of containing the very-high-temperature plasmas.
The extraction of heavy currents from such a system affects the placement of voltage- collecting electrodes, resulting in two different types of magneto-hydrodynamic generators. In a Faraday magneto-hydrodynamic Generator, current flows in response to the Lorentz voltages generated at right angles to plasma flow. Several pairs of electrodes are placed at right angles to plasma flow, and each pair is used to drive an individual load. In a Hall Magneto-hydrodynamic Generator, current flows in response to the Hall voltages generated at right angles to the Lorentz currents. In such generators, the generated voltage is the vector sum of the Hall and Lorentz voltages. Voltage-collecting electrodes are placed at oblique angles to plasma flow, and the collected voltages are operated in series to drive one load.
Ion Slip and Kinetics
When plasma moves at high speed, the electrons tend to move faster than the ions. The velocity difference is called Ion Slip. Ion slip creates a voltage that is axial to the direction of plasma flow. “In the immediate vicinity of the electrode 21 where the potential gradient is very high, free electrons are stripped off of the atoms and molecules of the surrounding medium. These electrons migrate to the positive electrode 21 where they are collected. This removal of free electrons leaves the respective atoms and molecules positively charged and such charged atoms and molecules are accordingly repelled from the positive electrode 21 and attracted toward the negative electrode 20. The paths of movement of these positively charged particles appear to be of the nature represented by the lines 27 in figure below.
It appears that upon reaching or closely approaching the surface of the body 20, the positively charged atoms and molecules have their positive charges neutralized by the capture of electrons from the body 20 and in many cases, it may be that excess electrons are captured whereby to give such atoms and molecules a negative charge so that they are actually repelled from the body 20. It will be appreciated that the mass of each of the individual electrons is approximately one two-thousandths the mass of the hydrogen atom and is accordingly negligible as compared with the mass of the atoms and molecules of the medium from which they are taken. The principle forces involved therefore are the forces involved in moving the charged atoms and molecules from the region of the positive electrode 21 to and beyond the negatively charged body 20. The force so exerted by the system on those atoms and molecules not only produces a flow of the medium relative to the apparatus, but, of course, results in a like force on the system tending to move the entire system in the opposite direction; that is, to the left as viewed in the figure above.”
Another explanation (found in US patent 3,022,430 p3) says, “Thus, between the mobile vehicle itself and the gas cloud or fluid stream left in its wake, there is produced a force tending to move the surrounding medium past the mobile vehicle and to the rear of the trailing gas cloud. This force, of course, is accompanied by an equal and opposite reaction which serves to propel the mobile vehicle forward.” Hence, it is the negative electron environment which moves (as it is the more mobile of the two anyway), but as it is also attached to the mobile vehicle it also propels that as well – so the opposite reaction movement is always perpetuated. Or yet otherwise, polarize the electrode environments, shoot the electrons to a distant area – then they will be forced to move with that environment. The returning reaction is what determines movement.
To be continued