Given the massive shift in the distribution of power taking place today in the direction of a multipolar world order, India can be expected to take a renewed interest in the BRICS and RIC forums. However, it is the SCO, which provides a unique platform for India to restructure its relations with China and Pakistan.
‘The Others’ Alliances
Erdogan will continue to pursue the ‘pivot to the East’ both for balancing his troubled relationship with the West as well as in intrinsic terms. To be sure, what began as an entente with Russia over the situation in northern Syria has already broadened into a full-bodied partnership between the two countries, especially in the economic sphere.
A new American-encouraged Great Power constellation is therefore in the process of forming all across the Indo-Pacific Rimland in seeing India, Indonesia, and Japan deepening their multilateral strategic integration with one another, with Washington desiring for New Delhi to play the role of regional hegemon in the Indian Ocean.
The US has been providing massive support to Colombia in its war against communist rebels for decades. The country now functions as a centrally positioned springboard for NATO right at the nexus of North and South America, one which has the potential for being used as their proxy against the multipolar ALBA countries of Venezuela and Nicaragua.
The US and its partners are exploiting the Color Revolution unrest in Iran to coerce its government into enacting unofficial “concessions” during the Sochi gathering.
The Multipolar CENTO could become the basis for uniting the Ummah because of its cross-sectarian inclusive nature and advantageous geopolitical position, with Iran occupying the central role in this construction.
While it’s conceivable that China might have some advisors and trainers present in Syria, it’s unlikely to ever move beyond non-combat forces.
Iran and Turkey may not be formal allies, but represent something more realistic and therefore more meaningful: they are new partners in a new Middle East and a new Eurasia.
Pakistan can no longer depend on American developmental assistance nor ever hope to play the US off against China for its ultimate benefit.
Donald Trump could have created a kind of Trans-American Belt and Road with US Characteristics for a New Era. Instead, Trump has opted to Make America Lose Again.
There is no state besides Russia that’s capable of managing the growing competition between these two Asian Great Powers.
The proposed approach is mostly applicable to the third-party role that Russia could play in Pakistan, whereby the cordial competition with China would give Islamabad more options than it has at present.