In previous installments of the Episodes, we have frequently described the obvious examples of British diplomatic maneuvering in regard to Hitler immediately prior to and at the beginning of World War II (please read, for example, the chapters Poland Betrayed and Who Signed the Death Sentence for France in 1940?) […]
The marriage of convenience between German Nazis and Ukrainian nationalists was contracted in September 1939, when the leader of the OUN Andriy Melnik visited Berlin.
Prime Minister Netanyahu’s ridiculous claim that a Palestinian persuaded Adolf Hitler to exterminate the Jews of Europe was referred to as a Holocaust Blunder and roundly criticized in the New York Times editorial of 22 October and around the world. Mr Netanyahu has since retracted his statement. The retraction, however […]
In 1939 the German military commanders had plans to create a Ukrainian puppet state inside Poland. Today’s article will discuss why this never happened.
Part I, part II Never during this time did Great Britain agree to peace negotiations. She steadily continued her shelling of German cities. She showed her resolve to fight until the end. The United Kingdom could be fought, and even defeated, but after examining his options, Adolf Hitler asked himself […]
Part I Two weeks after Britain’s treacherous attack on the French navy, the world was already discussing a very different event. On July 19, 1940, Adolf Hitler stepped up to the podium of the German Reichstag. In that hall sat not only the members of the German parliament, but also […]
Nothing must be done between England and Germany which would in any way violate the prestige of Great Britain. Adolf Hitler When Hitler realized that his original idea, the creation of a powerful Reich of all Germans allied to Britain, could not be realized, he tried to build and secure […]
Part I When analyzing the causes of the improbably rapid downfall of France in 1940, it would be amiss not to mention the wonderful plan developed by German General Erich von Manstein. But the Brits made an equally important contribution to France’s defeat. The English gave no thought to rescuing […]
This is something you ought to know: each time we must choose between Europe and the open sea, we shall always choose the open sea. Winston Churchill A reverse on the Continent had been enough to make Great Britain desire to absorb herself in her own defence. Charles de Gaulle […]
Part I, part II, part III, part IV, part V … Poland suffered a crushing defeat at the speed of light. Columns of German tanks easily broke through the defenses of the Polish divisions and stormed into the breach. By Sept. 8, 1939, the eighth day of the war, armored […]
Part I, part II, part III So, by March 31, 1939, 16 days after Hitler entered Prague, the United Kingdom, which until then had “not noticed” Germany’s aggressive nature and had surrendered Austria and Czechoslovakia to Hitler and meekly handed over the Saarland and the Rhineland, was now ready to […]
Three former US ambassadors to Ukraine have recently praised Angela Merkel and David Cameron for their refusal to come to Moscow in May for taking part in the celebration of 70th anniversary of the victory in WWII. The authors believe that Merkel, Cameron and Obama should go to Kiev instead, […]