Part I The standardization of the Dutch language The history of the standardization of Dutch and of the political partition of the Netherlands (the Low Countries) gives significant insights into the role of language in the modern Netherlands (called as well as Holland) and Belgium. The fact that the standardization […]
In the area where the multilingual state of Belgium is located, the main political mark today is the general openness for the expression of different attitudes and policies. Therefore, there are almost unlimited options in drawing political boundaries. That is unlike, for example, as well as with multilingual Switzerland, where […]
Part I, Part II Among other privileges, the Patriarchate of Peć was granted land properties, the right to collect one ducat (gold currency) for each priest and the right to collect the so-called bir – 12 akçes (Ottoman currency) per house. The Serbian church had the autonomy to elect its […]
Part I The (“first”) Patriarchate of Peć was established in 1346, at the time of the height of the medieval Serbian state. In the same year the greatest Serbian ruler, Stefan Dušan, was crowned as emperor by the first Serbian patriarch, on Easter Sunday (April 16th, 1346). The Patriarchate of […]
The Christian Orthodox Serbs are already everyday protesting in the form of extremely peaceful liturgical processions in NATO’s member Montenegro against newly proposed and introduced the law on religious communities in this small Balkan and Adriatic country. The protests are headed by the Montenegrin branch of the Serbian Orthodox Church […]
Part I Additional factors on the creation of common pan-European identity The above-presented views address possible concepts that can be applied in the practice in order to establish common pan-European identity, yet it is probably difficult to choose one view over another without encompassing a kind of mixture from all […]
The growing economic, social, linguistic and political gap between Wallonia and Flanders led Belgium during the last decades into instability and segregation of the society along the ethnic lines. It is visible and from the political scene of the country as new regional parties were formed by the Flemish and Walloon sections of the Christian Democrats, the Socialists, and the Liberals.
Belgium is the political cener for the European Union (the EU) and the NATO, and it is one of the six EU countries which originally established the European Single Market.[i] The question of Belgium’s multicultural federalism is of crucial importance for the future process of European integration or disintegration. Historical […]
At least from the Madrid’s point of benefits, in order to solve the “Catalan Question” probably is the optimal solution that historical lands of Castilla would proclaim their own political independence from Catalonia – Castilla, nevertheless, was one of two founding independent states of Spain.
The present-day Macedonians are the Slavs who to a certain degree assimilated pre-Slavic population of Macedonia but borrowed the ancient name of the settled land Macedonia as their new national one.
There is no Belarussian ethnolinguistic identity to be accepted by a majority of Belarus’ citizens. The cultural-political leadership of Belarus is sharply divided into two opposite and antagonistic camps.
The case of Belarussian identity is today probably the best example in East Europe of an effective policy of creation of the national identity founded on the „imagined community“ feelings.